The terpenoids, also known as isoprenoids, are a large and diverse class of naturally occurring organic chemicals derived from the 5-carbon compound isoprene, which you see to the left of the screen. The isoprene polymers are called terpenes.
Essential oils derived from organic sources, contain many medicinal properties like anticancer, antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, antihyperglycemic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antiparasitic. When synergy occurs, the entourage effect emboldens the mind, body and brings medicinal properties together in a manner that boosts the overall benefit of the blended terpenoids with other terpenes and cannabinoids. The entourage effect is a functioning physical, body transportation component by which cannabis compounds, to include tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) act synergistically with other terpenoids, such as those found in organic essential oils. This acts to modulate the overall psychoactive effects, produced by the plant, for the patient. ... There are numerous terpenes present in the cannabis plant, and variations between strains. There is not a more beneficial manner in which to absorb medicinal cannabis, than with the synergy of the entourage effect.
While sometimes terpenoids are used interchangeably with "terpenes", terpenoids contain additional functional groups, usually containing oxygen. Terpenoids are the largest class of plant secondary metabolites, representing about 60% of known natural products. Many terpenoids have substantial pharmacological bioactivity and are therefore of interest to medicinal chemists.
Plant terpenoids are used for their aromatic qualities and play a role in traditional herbal remedies. Terpenoids contribute to the scent of eucalyptus, the flavors of cinnamon, cloves, and ginger, the yellow color in sunflowers, and the red color in tomatoes. Well-known terpenoids include citral, menthol, camphor, salvinorin found in the plant Salvia divinorum, the cannabinoids found in cannabis, ginkgolide and bilobalide found in Ginkgo biloba, and the curcuminoids found in turmeric and mustard seed. The provitamin beta carotene is a terpene derivative called a carotenoid.